Looking for advantages and disadvantages of Python and .Net to compare both and decide what’s best for you? Here we offer a detailed comparison of .Net and Python to help you with evaluation.
What are the key Python features and which projects will Python suit for the best? If to describe Python’s advantages, it would be conciseness, amount of code, and stability. Python back-end technology is the 3rd most loved programming language being a favorite for 66.7% of engineers. When comparing Python and .Net for backend development, Python mostly wins. Python declared itself as an old, stable but an explicit and elegant programming language. Released in 1991, it offered fewer lines of code, readability, and advanced developer productivity.
Over the past two decades, Python adoption to large projects has grown a lot. Among companies that use Python: Google, Mozilla, YouTube, Spotify, Quora, Instagram, Pinterest, Udemy.
The language gets top awards in a variety of web development aspects and fields. Python is the 1st best language for:
- test automation
- back-end developers to learn
- writing command-line utilities
- writing desktop-Linux applications
Python is the 2nd best language for:
- data science (Julia’s in the first place)
- statical analysis
- analyzing people’s scroll, click, mouse, hover, and other interactions
The whole list of Python awards can be found here.
Why Python? Key features and strengths
- 1. It’s a dynamically typed language. What does it mean?
It means faster development and ease-of-use for Python engineers because in dynamically typed languages the types of variables do not need to be declared. Definition of types happens at runtime. So, in Python not declaring the type of variable won’t cause a problem. Instead in C# or Java programming languages, things won’t go that easy: there is a strict declaration of variables before assigning a value to them.
- 2. It’s all about asynchronous development
Asynchronous development is parallel programming at which programming language, Python in the case, performs multiple things at once. While request 1 is being processed, request 2 is already running. Thus the user receives several responses at a time. That’s why Python can be used for the implementation of CPU-bound tasks that explain its wide usage across multiple fields like data analytics and engineering.
- 3. It stands out with simple syntax
Python stands out with easier syntax if compared to C#, Java, or other programming languages. Complex code implies more bugs and it’s more difficult to understand for other programmers. The idea behind Python creation was to invent a clear and understandable programming language. Now it makes Python one of the top adored programming languages that solve a problem of scattered and confusing tonnes of code.
- 4. It provides an extensive list of libraries
Python engineers do not need to invent the wheel themselves. Python ecosystem is well-developed as well as its mature community. In addition to Python standard library, software engineers can enjoy the whole repository of software (from modules, packages, individual projects to web frameworks) accessible via Python Package Index. Use NumPy for numerical calculations, or Pandas for data analytics, or Pygal for creating vector graphics.
- 5. Satisfying performance
Python’s performance is optimal, but a bit slower than of C#. However, it’s important to realize that engineers who face critical performance challenges in Python are in the minority. For the majority, Python copes well, even if there is a need to improve performance, the tools to do that are very different. What’s more, CPython, the most widespread reference implementation of Python, is also defined as both compiler and interpreter. Speed can be a problematic point for developers of large projects. Victor Stinner finds performance issues in Python to be investigated more. One of the bottlenecks in Python development is using multiple CPUs at the same time. The best way of analyzing the performance of Python code is profiling for CPU time, but also profiling for memory allocation and I/O.
Technically speaking Python is the oldest programming language and some choices were made 20 years ago for the hardware which is no longer in use.
The first version of Python didn’t support threads, whereas we know that, today, all applications are using threads with 8 to 64 CPUs…Being able to find a trade-off between the stability of the language and the evolution of the implementation is a very difficult task. – resource
- 6. It’s great for Enterprise and Business Application development
The availability of resources in Python makes it the best choice for enterprise and business development. Python works reliably on Linux, Windows, and OS X which opens many opportunities for business development. Python can be integrated with Java, C, and C++ programming languages, one more plus to consider in case of future integrations with enterprise and business systems.
- 7. The top language for Artificial Intelligence and Data application development
Because Python is cross-functional and fast, it’s widely used by mathematicians, data scientists, and engineers. 48% of data scientists indicated Python to be their preferred language over five or more years of experience. It’s known for powerful opportunities in Rapid Application Development, mainly because of dynamic binding and typing. Python supports object-oriented, structured, and functional programming styles, which make it possible to adopt Python to different data projects and use cases. Python also provides a vast list of machine learning libraries. Some examples would be:
According to the StackOverflow Survey
Python vs C# comparison
Python is a popular high-level programming language. C#, as Python’s competitor, gave way for .NET, .NET Core, and ASP.NET frameworks. .Net Core is a new implementation of the .NET framework and ASP.NET is designed for web development.
C# Python programming languages differ a lot and offer different opportunities in software development.
Why .Net Core?
.Net Core is an open-source and general-purpose software framework that allows building applications for Windows, Linux, and Mac operating systems. Powered by Microsoft, .Net core evolved from the .Net framework entering the software development arena with high performance and new opportunities for cross-platform development. .Net Core comes with Visual Studio Code Integrated Development Environment (IDE) which is Microsoft’s most popular code editor.
Features and strength of .NET Core:
- 1. It’s cross-platform
Choice of OS is driven by the market demands, end-users’ and business needs, and the context of an application. If the application infrastructure has to support more resources to be connected to the server, thus more users to involve, you have to think in advance what tech stack to choose to cover not only Microsoft but Linux or Mac. If you want to develop for these three platforms, .NET Core offers future-in-mind development, an improved version of .NET, that allows flexibility and scalability.
- 2. Fast compilation and execution time
.Net Core is modular, flexible, and lightweight due to containers allowing to deploy the application. Thanks to the .NET Standard introduced in 2016, developing applications using the .NET family eliminated the problem of rebuilding the same applications for each separate platform.
Docker is a tool to run, deploy, and build applications easier via containers. It provides a major performance boost and reduces the size of the app. Docker containers are .NET Core virtual machines allowing engineers to deploy applications out of their environment as one whole package. It helps engineers not to worry about customized settings as containers make apps run on any Linux device despite the code differences. With .NET Core, you can buy Linux containers in docker or other places.
- 3. Great memory management
Python lacks memory management tools and often goes down in case of heavy memory apps. However, .NET is a fair winner in memory management. .NET is type-safe which means no problems with the object’s memory management. It supports automatic garbage collection and allows cache implementation to be customized, thus .Net engineers can leverage performance. Explore more in Deep Dive into .Net Garbage Collection.
- 4. Great for Microservices development
Microservices architecture is an approach to build applications consisting of smaller sets of services. Each service runs within its scope of processes and communicates with other services via HTTP/HTTPS protocol. Microservices are beneficial as they allow distributed data storage, unlike monolithic architecture which allows using only one storage for the entire app. Microservices offer flexibility for the team, as each service can be built and deployed independently. Also, separate hosting of each service can help save costs. ASP.Net core, as .Net Core web version, is one of the best frameworks recommended for microservices development. ASP.NET Core lets developers deliver cross-platform microservices with .NET on Windows, Linux, or Mac, and also deploy them easily to the cloud.
ASP.Net core takes the next awards in software development:
- The 2nd best microservices framework
- The 3rd place among cross-platform (mobile, web, desktop) that can be used to create commercial applications
- The 6th place in as the best for back-end development
- The 7th as a web framework for creating a web REST API
- The 8th amongst the best back-end frameworks
- The 11th in the list of the best cross-platform framework
Let’s have a look at the ecosystem of .NET:
Python vs .NET
Python and .NET are reliable languages with strong potential in web development. Both technologies provide good performance, an extensive list of libraries, so possibilities to deliver the solution with complex functionality, IoT communication, or AI features.
- Both Python and .NET offer great integrity and interoperability capabilities
- Both Python and C# offer rich libraries so engineers do not need to invent the wheel themselves
- Application of Python: web development, data science and visualization, AI and ML apps, enterprise and business apps, IoT and game development
- Application of C#: web applications, backend services, Windows services, libraries and components, IoT apps
- C++ and Python are the best programming languages for IoT development
- C++ and Python are the best programming languages for cryptocurrency solutions
If you are interested in developing web solutions with Python or .Net or need expert consultation of what tech stack to choose, feel free to contact us and ask. Get the information you need to start the project with confidence.