It goes without saying that becoming a good programmer, without knowing programming languages, is impossible. Of course, some of them are more popular among IT specialists, while others are just appearing and developing. Both of them can be easily called the languages of the future. This is just the question of personal preferences of the programmer, as well as the potential of a particular language. Let’s learn more about the top 9 programming languages to make the right decision.
It is one of the most popular languages these days and of course, it will remain in its positions in the future. The language is chosen for creating all kinds of applications: for desktop and web usage. The variety of tools makes it a perfect solution, together with:
- extensive mathematical capabilities;
- interactive mode;
- high development speed;
- variety of good libraries.
It may be a real challenge to meet a programmer who has never heard about Java. Its popularity is explained by numerous advantages, which make developers to choose it for the projects.
One of the main advantages of the Java language is its independence from the platform on which programs run. Thus, the same code can be run under the operating systems Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, Solaris, iOS, etc. In addition to it, Java can boast:
- a high level of security;
- standard libraries;
- variety of application types.
- full integration with HTML and CSS allows changing the design of the page code, and fully work with the tags, by changing the very structure of the page, through scripts;
- it is possible to interact with the server side of a web document thanks to AJAX, without performing a full page reload;
- the language can handle cookies.
Golang or just Go was created by talented guys from Google. It has lots of benefits and opportunities for a successful future. All in all, it allows building a simple, quick but still very reliable program. Here are its main features:
- built-in testing environment;
- static code analysis.
R is an open source programming language, and software environment, which is commonly used for statistical computations of bulk data, such as data mining and statistics.
R recently gained great popularity with the growing number of programmers using the possibilities of generating and analyzing data, in the framework of machine learning and other new data-dependent technologies. In fact, it has impressive features and functions:
- R is completely free and open;
- it can boast regular software updates;
- it is available for Windows, Linux and Mac OS X and is capable of importing data from a variety of programs, including Microsoft Excel, MySQL, and Oracle;
- R is able to handle an incredible amount of data.
Kotlin appeared in 2011 and gained the popularity step by step. Now it is a very popular language with enormous potential. In 2017 the team announced that it would be possible to develop Android applications using Kotlin. Among other key features are:
- programs can use all available Java-frameworks and libraries;
- it is very easy for learning;
- it has an open code;
- the language can be integrated with Gradle and other systems.
Swift is a really reliable programming language that is easy to understand even without special knowledge. It was presented by Apple company and now is used widely in the creation of an application for Apple TV, Mac, iOS and Apple Watch. In fact, it provides developers with incredible freedom for creativity. It is enough to have an interesting idea to create something amazing, thanks to this simple and convenient language with open code.
Scala is a functional object hybrid language with several strengths, that make developers to choose it for different projects. Among them are:
- perspectivity. Sooner or later, Scala can take the place of Java, so it would be wise to keep up with the front lines of development in the future;
- functional programming support;
- performance is not inferior to Java;
- compatibility with Java-libraries;
- good for large development teams;
- Scala syntax is simpler than Java, so it is praised for the convenience of writing code;
- the ability to write applications for Android.
It is quite young and popular language that can change the attitude to the web-development in general. Haskell is a functional language that is a great option for new programmers to start their career with. Among the most important features are:
- very expressive and concise syntax;
- it creates executable files with high performance;
- interactive environment allows prototyping ideas quickly;
- it has a good support community.
Since the first programming language appeared in 1957, more than 60 years have passed away, and it is not surprising that in such a long time, programming has leaped forward. There are new technologies, new concepts and programming paradigms, and, of course, new languages. As a rule, the creation of a programming language is due to the requirement of time: new tasks often need new tools to solve them, which will cope better with work than their predecessors. In this regard, every year there are several new languages that absorb all the best that has been accumulated over decades, of practical programming, and at the same time bring something new.
Each of the mentioned above programming languages has high chances to develop and gain even more popularity in the future. They have some similarities that are improving automation and increasing the level. This can lead to such languages becoming faster, smarter and without bugs. Any of them can easily make a revolution in both, programming and the world, in general.