How does natural language processing work?

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COO at Inoxoft, former .Net Software Engineer
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NLP is an AI technology that has the ability to recognize and understand natural human languages. To do so, it performs



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Segmentation 

Breaking the entire document down into its constituent sentences, e.g. full stops and commas.

How does natural language processing work?

Tokenization

Breaking down a sentence into its constituent words and storing these constituents, e.g. each word is called a “token”.

How does natural language processing work?

Stop words detection

Getting rid of non-essential words to sound more cohesive, e.g. “are”, “and”, “the”.

How does natural language processing work?

Stemming 

Explaining words to the machine by extracting the stem and the suffixes, prefixes, etc. -ing, -ed.

How does natural language processing work?

Lemmatization

Identifying different word base for word tenses, e.g. mood and gender.

How does natural language processing work?

Part-of-speech tagging

Explaining the concept of nouns, verbs, prepositions, adjectives, and other parts of speech to the machine by adding part-of-speech tags to words, e.g. went – verb.

How does natural language processing work?

Named entity tagging 

Introducing the machine to pop culture references and everyday names by flagging names of movies, important personalities, etc.

How does natural language processing work?


How does natural language processing work?

We tend to use NLP applications daily but have not probably paid enough attention to them. For example, there are various spell-checkers, online search, translators, and voice assistants. But how does NLP do that? How does it work? Let’s break down NLP tasks performed by NLP software.

How does natural language processing work?

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